Project: Access to clean drinking – Nigeria and Malawi
Millions of households in Nigeria and Malawi lack access to improved sources of drinking water (UNICEF, 2020). Their only option is to collect water from a nearby contaminated water source and boil the water to get rid of some of the dangerous bacteria/contamination. As a result, households fall ill from cholera, typhoid and guinea worm infection.
Boiling contaminated drinking water leads to high consumption of charcoal and firewood which exposes households to in-door air pollution, leading to respiratory diseases.
Furthermore, household consumption of wood and charcoal for water boiling also impacts nature through deforestation and reduction in bio-diversity. Nigeria and Malawi have some of the highest rates of deforestation in the world. In Nigeria, it is estimated that 1.5 million trees are lost each day due to illegal logging. Demand for charcoal is the main driver of this illegal logging.
Implemented solutions: borehole and hand pumps
This project provides community water supply systems through boreholes with hand pumps. The households that benefit from these projects live in poor rural areas in different communities across Nigeria. The implemented systems practically remove the need for households to boil their drinking water, resulting in reduced CO2 emission, reduced deforestation, and indoor air pollution. And, most importantly, it provides Nigerian households with a local water source free of dangerous contamination.
This quantified development value has been validated by DNV-GL.